Bladder Symptoms

Bladder Symptoms and Urine Color

Urine colorBladder symptoms and urine color can tell a lot about someone’s medical condition.  Normal urine color is yellow; however its intensity or hue can range from clear urine to amber a dark urine color, depending on the urine composition. Urine that is lighter and clearer with very little to no odor indicates the urine is less concentrated. More highly concentrated, dehydrated urine can be cloudy and produce a stronger urine acidic odor.

Bladder symptoms and urine color can signal a urinary problem. Blood in urine from several possible urinary conditions can produce a reddish urine color. Fecaluria is the mixing of feces in the urine because of an enterovesical fistula (or the intersecting of the intestine with the bladder) and can also affect the color of your urine. Pneumaturia is when gas bubbles enter the urine, most likely due to the release of gas from the bacteria that is causing a urinary tract infection (UTI). A UTI can also lead to urine discoloration; white blood cells in the urine that are fighting off a urine infection can make the urine cloudy and darker in color.

The color of your urine may not be a related health issue but rather be an indication of what you are consuming that is affecting the composition of the urine. Urine color changes can occur based on foods that you eat, your level of hydration, and any medication that you are taking.

For example, orange urine can sometimes appear after using certain laxatives or consuming complex B vitamins or carotene. Green urine or blue urine is the result of consuming artificially colored foods or medications. Dark brown urine may be a sign of a liver disorder, such as cirrhosis, where lighter brown urine can occur after eating beets or blackberries, or taking certain medications.

Bladder symptoms and urine color can be diagnosed through various tests. A urine culture tests for urinary tract infections may be ordered in conjunction with a urinalysis that can tell our urologists a lot of information about the chemical makeup of the urine. After you urinate in a sterilized cup, a nurse will place a urine dipstick in the sample that will show any abnormal levels of substances in the body. A urine protein test can analyze the levels of protein in the urine. Proteinuria, or high protein levels in urine, can cause urine discoloration and cloudy urine to appear. Certain kidney problems and severe high blood pressure can cause proteinuria, and women who are pregnant with this condition can develop preeclampsia. All of the urinalysis results can help our doctors determine the cause of your bladder symptoms and abnormal urine color and what form of treatment would be best to address your condition.


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